He called on the government to withdraw the bill “by the end of the month,” adding that the withdrawal agreement includes “a number of mechanisms and remedies to address violations of legal obligations contained in the text – for which the European Union will not back down.” After an agreement of both chambers on the text of the law, it obtained royal approval on January 23. Royal Assent is the monarch`s agreement to make the bill an act of Parliament (law). The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border settlement and dispute settlement. It also contains a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it met with opposition from the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242, and rejected a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286.
On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by the Boris Johnson government opened the first stage in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated authorisation programme did not receive the necessary support and announced his intention to proclaim a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement. On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the Withdrawal Agreement. It was then closed by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. Below you will find a non-exhaustive list of documents relating to the UK`s planned exit from the EU, documents relating to the UK and its position in the EU, as well as a list of useful links on this subject. On the EU side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020.  As a result, the European Union also adopted, on 30 January 2020, the instrument of ratification of the agreement was deposited, thus concluding the agreement and bringing it into force on the date of the United Kingdom`s exit from the Union at 11 p.m. .